Research Agenda


I am an Assistant Professor of Sociology at UC Merced. My research investigates the role of politics and organizations in the interplay between economic elites and disadvantaged social groups. What forms of organization strengthen elite efforts to consolidate power in politics and the economy? What are effective organizational strategies by which non-elites can achieve more equitable distributions of power, wealth, and status?

Finance and higher education are two intersecting domains in which I study the organizations and strategies deployed in struggles between elites and non-elites. Financialization, the growing importance of financial markets, financial organizations, and financial ideas, has elevated U.S. financial elites to new pinnacles of power in recent decades. At the same time, the transition to a post-industrial economy has made a college degree an increasingly necessary prerequisite for Americans to attain economic success and security. My primary current research project therefore investigates relationships between financialization and growing inequalities in U.S. higher education. This research been covered by The New York TimesThe Washington PostTIMENewsweekCNBCForbesThe NationInstitutional InvestorMarket WatchThe Chronicle of Higher Education, and Inside Higher Ed.

My project has employed the latest techniques in data carpentry to digitize, link, and construct original data for measuring college-level financialization and potential consequences for student access and success. I have also gathered qualitative data from congressional hearing transcripts and interviews with college officials, financial investors, and student advocates. I am using this wealth of data for both quantitative and comparative historical analyses of multiple process by which financialization has contributed to widening higher education inequality, including:

  • how and financiers with elite educational backgrounds have maintained unusual levels of social closure in high finance;
  • how Wall Street gained increasing representation on college and university boards;
  • how organizations representing colleges and universities came together with consumer banks to support a radical government-backed expansion of student loans at the beginning of the 1990s;
  • how donations from Wall Street and hedge fund-style endowment investment strategies financed increasingly lavish spending at elite private universities;
  • how private equity financed large scale efforts by for-profit colleges to rake in federally backed student loan revenue at the expense of students who gained little educational benefit; and
  • how community colleges and state universities have been increasingly squeezed by the diversion of public support to for-profit colleges and tax expenditures in support of private endowments.