New publication: Air pollution and neurological development in children

December 16, 2020

New publication alive: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/dmcn.14758 

 

Abstract

Pregnancy and early childhood are periods with high plasticity in neurological development. Environmental perturbations during these sensitive windows can have lifelong developmental consequences. This review summarizes key findings relevant to the effects of air pollution on neurological development. Mounting evidence suggests that exposure to air pollution, both during pregnancy and childhood, is associated with childhood developmental outcomes ranging from changes in brain structures to subclinical deficits in developmental test scores, and, ultimately, developmental disorders such as attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorders or autism spectrum disorders. Although the biological mechanisms of effects remain to be elucidated, multiple pathways are probably involved and include oxidative stress, inflammation, and/or endocrine disruption. Given the alarming global increase in developmental disorders in recent years, and increased human exposures to pollution, it is critical to reduce personal and community‐level exposures through tight collaboration of interdisciplinary and multi‐level bodies including community partners, physicians, industry partners, policy makers, public health practitioners, and researchers.